Morfologias e Dinâmicas do Território - Territory Dynamics and Morphologies MDT [RG-145-1910]
Departamento: Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade do Porto
Investigador principal: Manuel Pinheiro FERNANDES de SÁ
- Teléfono: +351 22 605 71 00
Investigadores del grupo:
- PI & RESEARCHERS IN THE GROUP (PhD. Only)
- SUCENA Gomes Garcia, Sara Adelaide
- PEREIRA, Mariana Abrunhosa de Carvalho Martins
- FERNANDES de SÁ, Manuel Pinheiro
- PORTAS, Nuno Rodrigo Martins
- DOMINGUES, Álvaro António Gomes
- BRAZ Afonso, Rui Manuel Trin
Líneas de trabajo: The objectives and scope of research focus on processes and forms of extensive urbanization, clearly favoring the most recent and highly contracting realities of the new geographies created by the "urban explosion" of the last 50 years. The geographical patterns and characteristics of this urbanization are not easily explained, not by demographic changes, nor by the logic of the land market, nor by a model of planning (or their deficits and dysfunctions). By extension, the changes in the forms and processes of urbanization also play the very transformation of the old / consolidated city, as well as how to consider the classical themes like the relationship between urban planning and city architecture or the importance of accommodation production and forms of inhabit.
The main objectives of this research are (1) to observe, understand and explain the structure of extensive or diffused urbanization - axes, conurbations, urban cores, low density areas -, and (2) to explore relationships between form, dynamics and factors of production of such territory. Unlike the "concentrated" city (isolated and distinct from the surrounding territory) and the conventional views of metropolitan areas (restricted to center/periphery model), the work seeks to demonstrate and explain the complex nature of these patterns of urbanization, confronting them with the social and technological changes affecting the new paradigms of residence, mobility and location of economic activity. In short, the aim is to understand what is changing in the organization of society and the resultant of these dynamics in terms of territory production, or mode of urbanization. Policies / programs of public housing deserve a special approach; the context of urbanization must be contrasted between emerging forms and processes, or other older and more consolidated.
This analysis is crucial to understand the context in which urban regulations and the kind of constraints that exist between expectations and results develop. The challenges to the new models of urban regulations must be based and informed on real problems and opportunities.
The definition of the criteria for the organization of urbanized areas, the ranking of problems and actions, or the complexity of the institutional architecture, administrative and political bodies who have responsibility for the regulation of territorial dynamics, etc.., can be problematized only if the complexity of geographical location of new development and this metamorphosis of the "city" to "urban field" are known.
Another dimension of urbanization is the very radical changes of "rural". From simple and generic territory (rural was not what the city and on which it unfolded), the truth is that the residual nature of the agricultural economy - the economic base of rural life - today represents about 2.8% of national GDP and employment. Thus, by default, everything is urban: society, economy, territory, life styles, etc.. This issue requires innovation in the analysis, both in conceptual and theoretical support of urbanization, whether in the case studies where the abandonment of agriculture does not mean depopulation, but urbanization and metamorphosis of land and landscape: in one word, the territory.
The CEAU/ FAUP is still developing some doctoral dissertations that, although not directly linked to the main research interest, integrate and complement all that is involved in the diversity and complexity of contemporary urbanization, namely:
a) context of urbanization in S. Tomé and Principe,
b) issues related to resettlement policies and the forms and experiences of public spaces,
c) the transformation of urban space and the relationship between architecture / city.
Categoría: Calidad medioambiental y patrimonioCalidad medioambiental y patrimonio